Friday, February 4, 2011

The Demise of Authoritarian Regimes in Northern Africa?

The year 2011 is one that will go down in the history books as the year in which the leadership apparatus in Tunisia and Egypt got tested, sending the despotic leader packing in the former. The youth have not been left behind and are in the forefront of the unveiling events. They have been successful in mobilizing and organizing themselves as activists in a quest for change and demanding their rights.

Will the rest of the African continent witness similar events? Can they succeed?

Elsewhere in the news...

Inspired by the revolution in Tunisia, Egyptian youths are leading ongoing protests in their own country. Thousands of Egyptians have taken to the streets across the country, demanding political change. So, how do young Egyptians view the protests and are they hopeful that change will come?

The demands on the street of Egypt: "Bread, Freedom and Human Dignity! that capture the aspiration and hopes of the people"

Al Jazeera English: Live Stream - Watch Now - Al Jazeera English

When Hosni Mubarak, then an aloof young military officer, returned to his Nile Delta hometown to bury his mother he was so disliked, according to residents, he was told to find another burial site....Once a small village from where a young Mubarak would set out every morning to attend school several kilometres away, Kafr el-Moseilha is now a large neighbourhood of the sprawling city of Shibin el-Kom...."I won’t lie. Some here felt sadness to see him leave the way they did. They think his dignity was part of theirs. But the youth, they didn’t think: ‘Oh, he’s from here’. They were only thinking of freedom,” Shirbani says.Mubarak, born in 1928, left the village to go to military academy, from where he ascended to become air force chief and finally president. He would never return to visit, the residents complain. “He never identified with the village, he had no roots here,” Mr Shirbani says. “Mubarak always dealt with life like a pilot — always up in the air and distant from the people below. This wouldn’t have happened to him if he weren’t so distant,” said Mr Nabawi. “Mubarak didn’t like to flatter. As a person, I think he hated corruption, the corruption came with the new generation brought in over the past 10 years,” said Mustapha al-Fikki.

Opposition figure Mohamed ElBaradei presses the US to abandon Hosni Mubarak.
Mubarak Dissolves Government, Promises New One

BBC Live Updates on Egypts Unrest

Revolt on Egypt Streets

Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak has named intelligence chief Omar Suleiman as his first ever vice-president as he struggles to regain control of the country. Aviation Minister Ahmed Shafiq has also been appointed as prime minister.Tens of thousands of protesters defied the curfew to remain on the streets, despite army warnings.
Read more:

With a deep investment in the status quo, Israel is watching what a senior official calls "an earthquake in the Middle East" with growing concern. ..."We believe that Egypt is going to overcome the current wave of demonstrations, but we have to look to the future," says the minister in the government of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Israel enjoys diplomatic relations and security cooperation with both Egypt and Jordan, the only neighboring states that have signed treaties with the Jewish state.
Read more:,8599,2044929,00.html#ixzz1CSiDnAea

Egyptian protesters' makeshift helmets – in pictures

Mubarak & son have resigned from Egypts Ruling party

An 18-day-old revolt led by the young people of Egypt ousted President Hosni Mubarak on Friday,{February 11, 2011} shattering three decades of political stasis here and overturning the established order of the Arab world.

Chartered Accountant, Mohamed Kassem...“Tonight I am very, very happy. Before I didn't want to be Egyptian, now I'm proud to be Egyptian..."

Hosni Mubarak Timeline

May 4, 1928 – Born in a village in Egypt's Nile Delta.

Oct 6, 1981 – Thrust into office when Islamists gun down President Anwar Sadat at a military parade. He is approved as president in a referendum in November and re-elected in October 1987 and October 1993.

June 26, 1995 – Gunmen attack his car as he arrives at an African summit in Addis Ababa. He is unhurt.

Oct 5, 1999 – Sworn in as president for his fourth term and names Atef Obeid as prime minister after the government led by Kamal Ganzouri resigns.

Dec 22, 1999 – Egypt agrees to sell its natural gas through what Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak's office dubs a "Pipeline of Peace".

March 2005 – Street protests by the Kefaya (Enough) Movement draw hundreds across Egypt to oppose a fifth term for Mr Mubarak or any attempt to install his son Gamal in his place.

May 11, 2005 – Parliament votes to change the constitution to allow contested presidential elections.

Sept 27, 2005 – Mr Mubarak is sworn in for a fifth consecutive term after winning the first contested presidential election on Sept 7. Rival Ayman Nour is the only member of parliament to remain seated during the ceremony, apparently to show his refusal to accept the official vote count.

Dec 8, 2005 – The Muslim Brotherhood increase their seats in parliament to 88 after an election marred by violence, but Mr Mubarak's party retains a big majority. Eight people were killed on the last day of voting on Dec 7.

Nov 19, 2006 – Mr Mubarak says he will retain his responsibilities for the rest of his life.

June 4, 2009 – US President Barack Obama in a speech in Cairo calls for a "new beginning" in ties between Washington and the Islamic world.

March 26, 2010 – Former U.N. nuclear chief Mohamed ElBaradei makes first public appearance after his return to Egypt in February.

March 27, 2010 – Mr Mubarak returns to Egypt to reassume presidential powers after three weeks recovering from gallbladder surgery in Germany.

Jan 25, 2011 – Street protests begin after an online campaign calling for an end to Mr Mubarak's rule.

Feb 11, 2011 – Mr Mubarak steps down on the 18th day of protests that have killed an estimated 300 people.

For the interesting and Inspiring Egypt protest signs from around the world visit here

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